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John 1:19



Greek #2453, Ἰουδαῖος, Jewish, Jews. From the fourth son of Jacob [Heel Chaser], and the tribe named after him. The meaning is derived from Genesis 29:35 from Leah, his blind/poor sight mother who said, "The Foot-strike, I am casting/throwing [אוֹדֶה odeh] the eternal self He Is..."

This word אוֹדֶ֣ה is the first person incomplete Hiphil causative form of the verb ידה yadah. It means to throw or cast with the hand, yad meaning "hand". Cf Strongs #3034. The meaning "give thanks, laud, praise;" and thus Jews as "praisers/praised ones" is an extended, metaphorical meaning based on the idea of using the hand somehow in an act of praise or giving thanks. As Strongs Concordance says,

"A primitive root; used only as denominative from yad; literally, to use (i.e. Hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands);"

Even shooting arrows,

Those who bend the bow, shoot [yadah] towards her, do not spare..." (Jeremiah 50:14 RBT)